The Golden Horde (1251 C.E. - 1490(ish) C.E.)

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Coins from the Golden Horde

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Map showing the lands controlled by the Golden Horde (purple)


Ilkhanate of Persia
Islamic Empire


Our technology was mostly militaristic. The stirrup had originally come from the Centeral Asian steppes, our homeland, so we took this technology, modified and perfected it, giving us the most sophisticated and technologically superior calvalry equipment of the time. Besides this, our empire was instrumental in the transfer of technology from China the Europe. During our rule there was a resurgence of trans-continental trade because our power and protection of caravans deterred robbers and highwaymen, previously a big problem preventing trade. The re-opening of these routes allowed the superior technology of China to swiftly diffuse to Europe.


We were mainly a nomadic peoples before our great unification and expansion under Chinggis Khan. We then had to adjust to sedentary life, and learn how to rule the vast empires that we had earned. We did this by assimilating with the cultures that we had conquered. Origionally the Mongol culture dominated the Golden Horde, but gradually the Turkish culture gained prominance until only the high ranking officials adherred to Mongol customs. We depended on the massive amounts of trade that came through our empire for our lively-hood, but we also continued to raise horses because the Russian Steppe provided a perfect area for such an undertaking.


We were a shamanistic peoples, meaning that we believed in a single god, but also held the sun, moon, earth and water in high regard, believing them to be higher beings. However, after the death of Batu Khan, the first ruler of the Golden Horde, his son, Berke ascended the throne and converted to Islam, creating a major rift in the mongol community. This lead to a time of animosity between us and the Ilkhanate of Persia, who had overthrown the Abbasid Empire, a Muslim establishment.


Blog Entry One:
1241 C.E. -- The Great Khan Ogedei has just died. I, Batu, leader of the Blue and White Hordes, am returning from my conquests in the farthest western reaches of our empire. I had successfully taken Poland and Hungary, officially going farther west than an other Mongol army has gone before. Upon my return I will support my cousin Mongke in the succession. Hopefully I will be rewarded for my loyalty.
Blog Entry Two:
1251 C.E. -- Mongke has finally been named the Great Khan after a ten year struggle for power and my support has been rewarded. He has granted me the lands that I conquered while in command of the Blue Horde, this mainly includes the lands of Russia, Poland and Hungary. Now I will try to subdue the rebellious Russian princes to the west, they have been causing a lot of trouble, but with my new empire I have become one of the most powerful people in the world, they don't stand a chance.

Blog Entry Three:
1261 C.E. -- Much has happened in the past ten years, but the long-and-short of it, is that I, Berke, am the leader of the Golden Horde following the death of Batu and the breif reign of his two sons. I have converted to Islam, but I cannot convince my cousin, Hulegu, leader of the Ilkhanate of Perisa to do the same. We have been at war for several years, but recently I have scored a decisive victory. I ordered soldiers that I had lent to Hulegu years before, to defect and join forces with the Egyptian Mamluks, another enemy of the Ilkhanate. Following this union, they scored a great victory and I have just concluded a treaty making us official allies.

The Wall

Bentley, Jerry, and Herbert Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 3rd. Boston: Mc Graw Hill, 2006.History Facebook Home