Hausa (Nigeria) 500-700 C.E. - present

Hausa population shown in green near the west coast of Africa




We revolve around a cash economy. We have a system of markets and
traders who link parts of the state yto parts of the outside world. Some of
our rural villages have periodic markets and at the administrative center of the
state there is a central market.


Our people are mainly located in the provinces of Kano, Katsina, Sokoto, and
Zaria. Our language belongs to the African-asiatic language family and is very
important in West Africa. We devote most of our time to agriculture. Our growing
season occurs from about May to October. For grain we have millet, maize, and
rice. These make up a larger portion of our diets. For cash crops we grow
sugarcane, tobacco, peanuts, cotton, and sweet potato. Men are responivle for
the agriculture, marketing, sewing, laundry, building repairs and transport. Women
mostly take care of the household activities which involve cooking cleaning, and
taking care of their children.

Some examples of the basic clothing styles of our women.

A bowl that we made for the Fulani cattlee-herders to hold their milk in.


Our main religion is Islam. It was brought to our territory by Muhommad
Al-Maghili, a missionary. This was around the 15th century. We mixed in
some of our traditional beliefs at the time and Islam was flexible. In the early
1800s however, the Fulani, another Islamic group in Nigeria, pressured us to
fully convert to Islam, after a series of holy wars. We still keep some of our
traditional beliefs. Our religion is centered around good and bad spirits. We
offer sacrifices to the spirits and believe in possession.


Blog Entry 1: 1820 The Fulani are really getting on all of our nerves. We have
already taken some of the Islamic beliefs but the Fualni have said that its time
we "fully" convert. We want to be able to keep our traditions alive and live in
peace. The Fulani are even threatening us with war so that we will succumb to
their demands. Right now it looks as though we have no choice.

Blog Entry 2: 1830 Just recently a family member came down with a strange
illness. He would barely talk or eat and we did not know what to do. We decided
to take him to the diviner of the village who is known to have the ability of curing
illnesses. The family was shocked to hear what the diviner had to say about our
family members fate. He believed that our brother was being possessed by some
sort of spirit. We all knew what to do in order to help out. I found an animal
and we quickly made a sacrifice to the spirits to give our brother back to us. The
only thing left forus to do is hope and wait.

Blog Entry 3: 2006 Today I have to be married off to one of my cousins. I'm so
nervous. I've never been married before and he already has three wives. They will
all know how to take care of him better than I will be able to. How am a supposed
to get to knwo this man if I have to wait my turn to speak with him? At least with
all the extra women around I will not have to do as much cleaning around the house...

The Wall

"Hausa Information." Art and Life in Africa Online. November 2 1998. May 31 2007.

Lagace, Robert O., and Eleanor C. Swanson "Society-HAUSA." May 31 2007.
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