Hittites- Central Plains of Anatolia (modern day Turkey) : 2000 B.C.E. - 1100 B.C.E.

external image Walk_of_Gods-Hittites.gif Called "the Walk of the Gods", this is some of the architecture constructed by the Hittites.

external image Hittites.jpg Intricate architecture for the side of one of the stone temples in the city center.

external image T013030A.gif Our magnificent empire.

Friends

Assyrians
Mesopotamians
Phoenicians
Sumerians
Egyptians

Technology

external image Hittites_Chariot.jpg
War Chariots
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light, horse drawn chariots that were equipped with spoked wheels. These made the chariot much lighter and more easier to move around. Soon after we invented this innovation, it became essential in armies throughout the ancient world.

external image 38.jpg
Iron Metallurgy- refined the technology of iron metallurgy which allowed us to create more durable, cheap, light weapons.

Culture

We were originally nomadic peoples who migrated from the Indo-European Homeland. After we came though we became an advanced society that was as powerful as the Babylonians and the Assyrians. Our language is a mixture of our Indo-European heritage and that of the Mesopotamians. We even fused their cuneiform with our own form of writing. As our architecture demonstrates, we also learned of many different ideas from both the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians as seen in the "Walk of the Gods". The artistry were used to display our life and society is displayed in these carvings. Our society was mainly a patriarchal society with some minor social classes. These classes were mainly the merchants, the temple servants, the farmers, the nobles, and the slaves. Women have some power in our society, but the male power is dominant over theirs. The slaves that we have are prisoners of war and are also given as gifts to the many other countries that we traded with. The farmers also used these slaves to help cultivate the many grains that we developed on the Anatolian plains. Although we have an elite army, we are also a civilization of merchants. We trade regularly with the Babylonians and Egyptians, which allowed us to gain knowledge of the other civilizations and the technologies that they had to offer us. But although we seem like we are a peaceful group of peoples, we are not. We are as vicious as those Mesopotamians and Egyptians, which is why we were also in war with other societies, in quest for more land. We became an established civilization with many things to offer.

Religion

Our religion is paganism, with gods from both our own Indo-European religion and the Mesopotamians polytheistic religion. We have many gods for the many aspects of our life including god of the sun, the moon, the earth, the grass etc. Basically anything in our lives is under the control of a certain god over that certain object. All these many gods though are all sub gods under the one main entity that is the god of all gods. Our main way to worship these many gods is in the temples that we constructed; these are the holy buildings that we think are blessed by the gods.

Blog

Blog Entry #1:
1900 BCE, Anatolia: Finally we have found a spot where we can establish a civilization for ourselves. No longer do we have to call ourselves the Indo-Europeans, but now we can name ourselves the Hittites. That name has a nice roll to it i think. This land that seems to be in the middle of Anatolia looks like it is the perfect spot to start our civilization. Of course we are taking the spots of many of the natives here, but i think with a little bit of work we can make them accept our way of life, even with force if we have to resort to that. While surveying the surrounding areas, we also noticed that there was another great civilization nearby. Those people call themselves the Assyrians and the Babylonians... doesn't have the same cool name as the Hittites, but they seem cool. We might have to get used to trading with them.

Blog Entry #2:
1300 BCE, Anatolia: We are geniuses, thats all i can say. There is something about us, but we are the people to be! After learning of the old chariots made by the Mesopotamians surrounding us, we have figure out a way to make chariots that can run circles around the other ones, and we have succeeded. Our cahriots are not only lights, but they have spoked wheels, which makes them so much more efficient. we have also learned of the metallurgy techniques of tose Mesopotamian, and have refined them to make our iron weapons even better than theirs. They may be the pioneers of these ideas, but we are the people who are taking them to the next level. We are the best!

Blog Entry #3:
1200 BCE, Anatolia: With these new inventions, we think its about time that we start thinking of expanding. Probably the best thing to do is to try and take out our good friends the Babylonians and then the Assyrians. Yes, we have been trading partners for so long, but we just can't stay in Anatolia, we are a new growing power. Plus we have already taken over the rest of Anatolia, let's continue to do so. The Babylonians already look like they are going to collapse to us, which means that our main and only threat at the moment are the Assyrians. We feel confident that we can win, but some of us have the feeling that we might lose this battle against them. Then all our hard work to maintain this new rising civilization will be shattered...

The Wall

What's up? We, the Hyksos, admire you for using our bronze metallurgy and horse-drawn chariots--the fact that you were originally nomads also makes us very happy! We pity the fact that you stopped being nomads and resorted to settling down. Psh! Settling down is for wimps, man. Either way, though, we have to thank you for resembling us because that's just cool, especially since we existed thousands of years before you.

Bibliography

Bentley, Jerry, H., and Herbert, F. Ziegler. Traditions and Endouncters: A Global Perspective on the Past. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2006.