Christian Kingdom of Axum (Aksum): 1st century C.E. - 10th century C.E. -Location: Present Day Ethiopia

external image Axum1.jpg
[AXUM OBELISK, SYMBOL OF AKSUMITE CIVILIZATION]

Friends

Ethiopians
Christianity
Egyptians
Islamic Empire
Bantus
external image c.jpg
[MAP OF OUR CHRISTIAN SOCIETY]

Technology

We started our small kingdom by trading only at Adulis, a port city on the Red Sea. Our ships sailed to India and southeast Asia for luxurious goods. Despite our Christian community being cut off, we managed to trade with Muslim merchants in the Middle East and northeast Africa. With all of the trading sources we had, Adulis was the most distinguished port on the whole east African coast, exporting gold, ivory, and slaves. With our vast trading network through sub-Saharan Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, and the Indian Ocean, we preserved our independence and prosperity, despite the threat from Muslims forces.
Our Axumite army and elephant corps came in handy when we decided to expand our empire to most of Ethiopia and Yemen in the sixth century.
We also built many tall strong buildings and elaborate water systems. We established gold and silver coins as our source of money, known as Aksumite currency.

external image mansa_musa.jpg
[GOLD TRADE]

Culture

Our first emperor, Zoskales, established the nation at its capital at Aksum in the first century C.E. Our nation was governed by a monarchy. Our nations symbols were the barley stalks that provided great harvests. SOme important cities in our nation were Yeha, Hawuti, Matara, Adulis, and Qohaito. Our last Emperor was Dil Na'od in the tenth century C.E., which was also the end of our society.
We were a mix of Cushitic and Semitic speaking people. We were able to create our own alphabet and language, Ge'ez, which helped us communicate within our society. Our society involved a many cultures. The Sabean, Nubian, Jewish, Christian, and Buddhist cultures lived within the nation.

Religion

In the fourth and fifth century, we adopted Christianity to be our main religion. The first people to convert were our merchants who had traveled to Christian locations and bringing back the belief. Soon the kings of our nation converted to nourish our relation with Christian Egypt. After adapting to the belief, we established churches and communicated with Christian communities in the Mediterranean Basin. During the seventh to eighth century, we were introduced to Islam by Arab conquerors, but we continued to believe in Christianity and kept our independence to ourselves. However, these Arabs were able to convey their message of Islam to regions surrounding us, therefore, cutting off all communication with Christian communities.
external image Ark_of_the_Covenant_church_in_Axum_Ethiopia.jpg
[CHURCH OF OUR LADY MARY OF ZION]

Blog

===Blog Entry One:===Our kingdom took down many peoples in its first couple of years from establishment. With our advanced army, we could have taken anyone down. We sent the Nubian kingdom to decline after we cut off their link to southern states at Kush. The Egyptian kingdom went down economically, as well as politically. In 360 C.E., our forces attacked Kush and destroyed the capital city of Meroë. In the sixth century, we wanted to expand. But since we were a Christian community, it wasn't easy. Therefore, our elephant corps helped us stampede all the way up to Mecca in 571 C.E., birth year of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.
Blog Entry Two:
In the twelfth century, a new form of Christianity was introduced. The kings of the region ordered the construction of enormous churches made of solid rock. This demand required many hours of grueling labor. The interesting thing was that in the thirteenth century the rulers of the Solomonic dynasty claimed descent from kings David and Solomon.

Blog Entry Three:
The Park of Stellae contains the famous features of the Kingdom of Axum. The largest stellae was seventy nine feet and weighed five hundred tons. The intricate designs on all of the stellae all represent doors and windows. This stellae was destroyed centuries ago when it fell and remains in ruins next to the five still remaining.

The Wall


Works Cited!

Obelisk: http://www.ethioembassy.org.uk/tourism/contents/Axum1.jpg
Map: http://www.cominganarchy.com/images/armenia/c.jpg
Gold Trade: http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/1492/mansa_musa.jpg
Church: http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/thumbs/8/81/300px-Ark_of_the_Covenant_church_in_Axum_Ethiopia.jpg
Culture:// "Ancient Ethiopian City of Aksum." Homestead. 13 May 2007 <http://www.homestead.com/wysinger/aksum.html>.
Technology, Religion,Blog Entry One, Blog Entry Two:
Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 3rd ed. New York: The McGraw Hill Companies, 2006.
Blog Entry Three:
"Axum." Yumo Tours. 2006. Yumo Tours. 13 May 2007 <http://www.yumo.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=3&PHPSESSID=ace5e47d65a1edab232062242694e4d4>.
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