Manchus: 17th century C.E.- Present Manchuria -Location: North Eastern Asia, Present day Manchuria

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[A MANCHU BANNERMAN]

Friends

Ming Dynasty (we were best buds for a while, until WE CONQUERED!!!)
Qing Dynasty
Eunuchs
Buddhists
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[MAP OF OUR LOCATION]

Technology

We were taught by Chinese merchants and travelers how to farm and build forts when they entered Manchuria. With our knowledge of agriculture and technology advancements, we became a more sedentary society. However, with Nurhaci's efforts in constructing a strong military brought great advantage to our people. He was the catalyst the Manchurian people were waiting for to invade China. Without him, we wouldn't control the lands we do today.
Nurhaci's development of the banner system helped him organize his Manchu tribes into groups during war time and was easier to attack in groups rather than a whole. Our irrigation and flood control systems were quite effective.

Culture

We were pastoral nomads, however some of us decided to settle in with the rich farm area in southern Manchuria. Our ancestors traded with the Chinese, but along with that we bother were abusive over land and natural resources located in the northern China. So we were first known as the Jurchen tribe from the Tang dynasty. We were located between the Changbai Mountains and the Wusili and Heilong Rivers. Our society was centralized by man named Nurhaci (1616-1626) who also organized a powerful military force and established a code of laws. In 1644, took over the Ming Dynasty and completely abolished it, replacing it with the Qing until 1911.
We had our own Altaic based language. We established a clear writing system in the late 1600s. Most of the people spoke Mandarin Chinese. However, from its establishment to present today, our great scholars have contributed to our works on culture and science/technology.
The ruling elites were educated in the Chinese language and Confucian thought by school bureaucrats.
During the Qing Dynasty, some rules and regulations that our officials made were quite harsh. Intermarriage was forbidden between the Manchus and the Chinese. Also, Manchu officials forbade the Chinese people from entering the Manchurian lands and from learning the language. Also, they forced the Chinese
men to shave their foreheads and wear braided queues.

Religion

Our traditional religion was Shamanism, but we converted and now observe the faith of Buddhism.
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[STATUE REPRESENTING BUDDHIST TRADITIONS]



[BUDDHA STORE TO GET SUPPLIES FOR VENERATIONS]

Blog

===Blog Entry One:===Nurhaci (1559–1626) was a Manchu national founder. He brought together the Manchu tribes and established the Qing Dynasty. He was able to transform these tribal people into efficient war machines by the banner system for military use He helped launch the invasions on China to help gain control of its capital. The great leader he is, he was able to defeat the Chinese, yet develop a civil administration with the help of Chinese officials.
Blog Entry Two:
After establishing our strong military system, we went into a series of attacks. During the 1620s to the 1630s, our army banished Ming troops. Also, we took over Korea and the whole of Manchuria. We captured Beijing in 1644 by launching small invasions on China. After capturing the Ming's capital, we decided to establish the Qing Dynasty in all of China. We were engaged in campaigns against the Ming people for over forty years. These attacks ended when our dynasty ruled all of China in the early 1680s.

Blog Entry Three:
The long reigns of two very effective emperors held our rule over China. As a Confucian scholar, Kangxi composed poems and studied Confucian classics. He tried to apply his learning of these thoughts in his reign from 1661-1722. Observing the precept of looking after the welfare of a ruler's people, he organized flood control and irrigation systems. Also, he established Confucian schools. Since he was a conqueror, he was looking for more Ming owned lands to conquer. He conquered Taiwan and his conquest in Mongolia and central Asia went all the way to the Caspian Sea. Kangxi's grandson, Qianlong, was to continue his conquering of Ming ruled states. Qianlong organized his grandfather's conquest in central Asia and and put military troops and encouraged military troops to stay in eastern Turkestan. Qianlong conquered Vietnam, Burma, and Nepal as Qing vassal states. Qianlong was also a well educated man. It is said that he has written over 100,000 poems. Qianlong had a long yet stable reign. There were four special moments in his treasury where he canceled tax collection making we the people extremely grateful to him. The Qing Dyansty was wealthy and organized until 1911, where the dynasty collapsed.

The Wall

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Works Cited!

Bannerman: http://www.chss.iup.edu/baumler/BannerMan.jpg
Map: http://www.harpercollege.edu/mhealy/geogres/maps/eagif/chempire.gif
Buddha: http://www.hakkaministries.org/hakkas/Buddhism.jpg
Video: http://www.yahoo.com
Culture: Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 3rd ed. New York: The McGraw Hill Companies, 2006.,"The Manchurian Nationality." Chinese Culture Center of San Francisco. 13 May 2007 <http://www.c-c-c.org/chineseculture/minority/manchu.html>.
Technology: Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 3rd ed. New York: The McGraw Hill Companies, 2006., "The Manchus." Ch'ing China. 14 July 1999. World Civilizations. 13 May 2007 <http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/CHING/MANCHU.HTM>.
Religion, Blog Entry One, Blog Entry Two, Blog Entry Three://** Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 3rd ed. New York: The McGraw Hill Companies, 2006.