The Phoenicians Phoenicia, North of Palestine, on the Mediterranean Sea 3000 BCE

phoenicians.JPG Phoenicians showing off their maritime skills.

Map of our location and our trade routes.

PhoenicianShip1A.jpg An example of one of our ships.

[Images Courtesy of Google Image Search]



Bibliography: Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 3rd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2006.


We built the best ships of their time. We were advanced in maritime trade and making communication networks. Also, we developed alphabetic writing. We found out how to make purple dye out of a tiny sea snail. This dye was called "Tyrian purple" after the city of Tyre, and the dye became our trademark. We also figured out how to make glass from coastal sand.


We formed a series of independent city-states. We were interested more in trade and industry than in state building or military expansion. We were also excellent sailors. Our culture was heavily influenced by the civilizations around us, and those that we traded with.


We believed in mostly Mesopotamian Gods. The most prominent female goddess was Astarte, a fertility goddess. We associated deities with natural phenomena.


Blog Entry One (3000 BCE): We Phoenicians did not establish a unified monarchy, but rather settled in a series of independent city-states ruled by local kings. The major cities of Tyre, Sidon, Beirut, and Byblos had considerable influence over their neighboring city-states. We showed more interest in trade and industry than in expanding their territories. Our cities were subject to imperial rule from Egypt or Mesopotamia. Blog Entry Two (1200 - 800 BCE): Even though wewere not a militarily powerful people, we influenced societies throught the Mediterranean basin because of their maritime trade and communication networks. We did not have enough land to develop into an agricultural society, so after about 2500 BCE, we turned to industry and trade. Between 1200 and 800 BCE, we dominated Mediterranean trade. Blog Entry Three (1500 BCE): We adapted Mesopotamian cuneiform writing into their own alphabetic writing system. By 1500 BCE, we scribes had devised and early alphabetic writing form the had twenty-two symbols representing consonants. The alphabet had no symbols for vowels. This alphabet, containing only twenty-two symbols, was much easier to remember than cuneiform, which had hundreds of symbols. As we traded with other people, our writing form spread and influenced others, like the Greeks, to modify it to fit their own needs.

The Wall

Hey!!! I just thought I would personally thank you for all that you have done for my people, the Greek. You have had an extremely large impact on our society. In fact we have altered some of our ways of doing things to mimic yours. You are just an amazing group of people that truely deserves some recognition for making us what we are today. I love you guys!!
BFFL!!! the Greek <333

Tyre, the greatest city in Phoenicia, in my opinion. Carthage owes you everything!!! Even our trade routes and especially place of origin. Everything started wit you guys, the great maritime merchants of the Med.

Minoans Just want to say thanks for all the ways you adavnced the way we traded. Those sailing crafts you developed were pretty sweet. We were able to trade all over Crete. Thanks again to the best trading buddy in the world!