The Qing Chinese China The Qing Dynasty, 1644 - 1911

qianlong.jpg Emperor QianLong of the Qing dynasty

dynasty-Qing.jpg

Map of the Qing dynasty

[Images courtesy of Google image search]

Friends

Manchus
Japanese (Tokugawa Shogunate)
Bibliography: Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. 3rd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2006.


Technology

Our technologies included the production silk, porcelain, lacquerware. We had little innovation in agricultural and industrial technologies because we focused on political and social stability.

Culture

The Manchus invaded China and started the Qing dynasty. The Manchus were pastoral nomads, but many turned to agriculture, and then focused on military conquests and invaded China. They were schooled in Chinese language and Confucian thought. The Manchus preserved their own ethnic and cultural identity while in China, and allowed us Chinese to keep our own traditions. The Manchus outlawed intermarriage between Manchu and the Chinese. They forbade us from traveling to Manchuria and from learning the Manchurian language.Filial piety was focused on in patriarchal families and females were subordinate to males. Footbinding was exceptionally popular.

Religion

The emperor was seen as "The Son of Heaven," and was definitely more than a mere mortal. Also, we practiced veneration of our ancestors, which was common in Chinese tradition.

Blog

Blog Entry One (16th - 17th centuries): In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, a Manchrian chieftain named Nurhaci unified Manchu tribes into a centralized state and organized a powerful military force. They launched a small scale invasion of China. They seized Beijing in 1644 and moved to extend their authority throughout China. By the 1680s they had consolidated the Qing dynasty throughout the land. The invasion and take over by the Manchus was partly due to Manchu military prowess and partly due to Chinese support for the Manchus. Blog Entry Two (1644 - 1911): During our dynasty, global trade brought tremendous prosperity. The silk industry became especially organized as weavers worked in workshops for regular wages. Our imports from other countries were limited to things like spices from Maluku, exotic products from tropical regions, and small amounts of woolen textiles from Europe. Blog Entry Three (1644 - 1911): Our dynasty favored political and social stability over technological innovation, which were feared to lead to unsettling change. If employers wanted to increase production, they found that hiring more workers was easier and cheaper than making large investments in new technologies. This had horrible effects over the long term for us because we lost technological ground to the Eurpoeans, who made a lot of technological innovations during the mid-eighteenth century.

The Wall

As you should know, we have a strict trading policy. We want to remind you of this policy. Your merchants are allowed some trade in our country, unlike European nations. We allow Chinese merchants to trade at the port of Nagasaki. You may trade with us, but only under tight restrictions. - Japanese (Tokugawa Shogunate)
Hahaha! Sorry about defeating your people, but our great leader, Nurhaci, was very effective in his military tactics. I know it was very brutal how we continued our small invasions and attacks, keeping the nation in some sort of war 24/7. Before when we were still in Manchuria, our ancestors had traded, but we had also fought over the northern regions of the Ming Dynasty, eventually leading to our attack. -Manchus

Hey what's up? We're busy managing the local societies around the Imperial city but we wanted to know if you had finished the plans for water control in the Shanghai region, because whenever you are finsihed with them, we'll pick them up and begin to organize the construction for the people. Hopefully this irrigation system will help the people grow for food since our population is rapidly increasing with each passing year. Well get back to us when you can, we know ruling an entire region is very hard work.
--Scholar Bureaucrats