Sasanid Empire (224 BCE-651 BCE)

relief01.jpgA relief showing one of our kings, Ardashir II receiving his crown. Ardashir reigned from 379-383 C.E.

Friends

Parthian Empire
Seleucid Empire
Persians
Achaemenid Empire
sasanid284ea.jpg
We are the orange-red color that dominates this map. Our empire covers most of what can be known as the Middle East.

Technology/ Economics

  • * Our merchants trade with peoples all around us.* We have introduced new crops to other areas, such as rice and sugarcane to Iran as well as cotton from India and China.* Our coins, taxes, etc. originate from the Parthian Empire which existed in the same region right before we took over.* We have learned to deal with our dry land and little rainfall through inventing irrigation systems. We are known for the qanat irrigation system which allows farmers to distribute water to fields without losing too much through evaporation.
  • Iran has plenty of metallurgical resources, so we are known as the "armory of Asia" for our iron works.

Culture

* * We have been focusing on maintaining imperial rule ever since we toppled the Parthian empire. Our "king of kings" as he was called ruled from the capital Ctesiphon.//* Bureaucrats hold the highest ranks in our society, besides our ruler. Most people in our society belong to the free classes, which include artisans, craftsmen, merchants, and low-ranking civil servants. Priests and priestesses are also part of this group. The lowest class is, of course, the slaves. Slaves are either prisoners of war or free people who accumulated enough debt that they can't pay.
  • Women usually weave textiles, and receive rations of grain, wine, beer, and maybe meat from the workshops where they're employed.
  • We are known for our skill in making rugs, tapestries, tents, silks, textile work in general. We work with absolute patience and dexterity to produce the most beautiful pieces in the world. (And are availbale through the Silk Road)//

Religion

Zoroastrianism
  • Our religion involves worshiping natural elements such as the sun, moon, water, and fire.
  • We glorify strength and martial virtues, and hope people can live comfortable lives.
  • Under our rule, the holy book Avesta was written. It compiles all religious writings from the magi (priests) as well as the teachings of Zarathustra.
  • Our people are so faithful to this religion, it is seeing a new day. There has been a revival and Zoroastrianism is at its peak.

Blog

BLOG 1: Our reign has begun! We have come from Persia to topple the Parthian empire in this year 224. The Achaemenids are our ancestors, and this land is rightfully ours. Our king shall rule from Parthia all the way to Mesopotamia. By using some ideas from past empires (such as tax rules and coin money), we believe we will be a prosperous empire for years to come!
BLOG 2: In this year of 272, our empire has said goodbye to a great ruler. Shapur I has died. He truly saved our society from collapse. During his reign we were able to stabilize the western frontier as well as create buffer states to relieve tensions with the Roman empire. We were even able to defeat a few Roman armies and develop our land in Iran. We don't see any signs of more military expansion, now that he is dead.
BLOG 3: It is now, in 651 that our beloved empire collapses. Islamic conquerors have invaded and left our empire in ruins. That, along with the murder of our ruler Yazdegerd III ending the dynasty gives our society no hope of reutrning to the way we were. We will soon be taken over by Islamic caliphates to become part of their realm. Who knows what our future holds.

The Wall

Major language was "mIddle Persian," written in Pahlavi script or Manichaean script.

Parthian Empire - Why must you all be haters? We were doing a perfectly good job at ruling OUR land of Persia. For no matter how much you try to deny it, WE are the ancestors of the original Achaemenid rulers (at least that's what we told our people) and we had every right to continue to govern our people. Next time you try and infringe on our sovereignty, you won't be so lucky as to destroy our empire!!
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Sources Cited

Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006.
History of Iran: Sassanid Empire. Iran Chamber of Society. April, 2007 <http://www.iranchamber.com/history/sassanids/sassanids.php>.

"Sassanid Dynasty." Encyclopaedia of the Orient. 1996-2007. LexicOrient. April, 2007 <http://lexicorient.com/e.o/sassanid.htm>.
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