Sumerians (3000-2000 BCE)

603sumerians.gifPaying tribute at a temple, a crutial society center.

Friends

Babylonians
Mesopotamians

Friend Four Here (linked)
ancient-sumer.gif
We're the orange, as the key says.

Technology

We invented TONS of stuff, such as:
  • the wheel
  • arithmetic
  • geometry
  • irrigation systems
  • saws
  • chisels
  • the first cities (that's a nice one)
  • Different types of boats, including sailboats, boats made of animal skins, and wooden oared ships
  • beer (you're welcome)
  • You owe us for everything, basically. We are the roots of modern civilization.

Culture

* We are the first ancient civilization to ever reach 100,000 people//* Most of our population is migrants who are Semitic people, meaning they speak in the Semitic family languages (such as Aramaic and Hebrew). They often intermarry with natural Sumerians and adapt to our ways.
  • We built the world's first cities, called city-states. They are our political and military authority centers as well as cultural hotspots.
  • Our government began as an assembly of men, but soon we adopted authoritarian rule. These kings rule their city states as well as surrounding communities with the help of local nobles.
  • Priests and priestesses are close to the kings in the social ladder. They live in temple communities that earn their own income through land they own and workshops they maintain. Our temples also function as banks, orphanages, and storage facilities for surplus food to distribute during a famine.
  • Slaves are prisoners of war, convicted criminals, or heavily indebted individuals. They are the lowest ranking in our class system.
  • We have a patriarchal society, with men controlling most of the affairs in daily life. Women pursue careers such as midwives, brewers, shopkeepers, etc. even though they lack suboridinate legal status.
  • Cuneiform writing- all us. Invented around the middle of the fourth millenium BCE to keep track of business transactions and taxes.//

Religion

  • Our primary god is named An, and we believe that he, along with the other gods, created humans out of clay in order to serve them.
  • Each city-state has a patron god assigned to it, such as Uruk, whose massive ziggurat (our famous step pyramids) was built for the fertility goddess Inanna.
  • Other gods include Enki (god of water), Ki (god of earth), and Enlil (god of air).

Blog

BLOG 1: So...I don't really know what happened, but, I did it. I invented the invention to end all inventions. Some people are calling it the 'wheel.' Call ti whatever you want, all I know is, I invented it. I was just sitting around, chiseling away at a rock (yes the chisel, invented that one too) when suddenly it rolled away from me! After chasing down the road a bit (and getting laughed at by my fellow artisans) I finalyl realized what I had just created. The Wheel will be used to make carts, and carry large quantities of anything to anywhere. We can put two or four of them under the cart to make our lives much easier! This will change future societies forever!Who's laughing now?
BLOG 2: Let us rejoice! The praised King Gilgamesh has saved our sity of Uruk! We were under the control of Kish for too long, it was almost unbearable. The conflict went on so long but they finally took us over. O well, Gilgamesh has liberated us! Let us celebrate!
BLOG 3: Our population continues to grow. We have acquired new agricultural technology and it is catching the eyes of many new Semitic migrants. The more food we are ableto grow, the more people our society can sustain. Soon we will have a record amount of people living in our land.

The Wall

Major language was Sumerian.

Hey, Sumerians from Sumer ! What's up? We are like totally neighbors, so let's have a great, big, giant block party sometime...We just have to !! Wouldn't it just be totally sweet and happening?!? Get back to us on this plan A.S.A.P. !!! -- Your friends, the early Hebrews and the Israelites...
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Sources Cited

Hooker, Richard. Mesopotamia: The Sumerians. June 6, 1999. April, 2007 <http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/SUMER.HTM>.
Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006.
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