Sultanate of Delhi (1206 - 1526 C.E.)

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This is our homeland, which encompasses most of Northern India

Friends

Islamic Empire

Hindus

India

Abbasid Dynasty


Technology/Architecture

We are known for our militaristic technology, because we a a group of warriors. Our weapons include very strong and efficient bows and arrows, metal swords, and armors. The weapons aid us in the time of crisis, and are very effective. We also create
outstanding palaces which contain gold, silver, and other precious metals, traded from other empires. Our Muslim mosques,
forts, tombs, gardens, and baolis are very beautiful and decorated with ornaments, jewels, and other expensive materials.
Our forts are fortified with metal, and are almost impenetrable to the outsiders. We also make use of the grey stone, arches,
domes, and minarets to further support our structure. These feats of engineering are only possible with very specialized
tools made of iron, and other reinforced metals. Buildings are decorated with geometrical designs, flowers, werses from the
Quran. Our tombs are also placed high above the ground and surrounded with luscious gardens.

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Due to our booming economy we need currency in form of coins
.
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These are some examples of our beautiful architecture.
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Some of the other examples of our technological advancements in military. (Top) A suit of armor (Bottom) A fort

Culture

Our culture is a blend of the cultures of Northern India, and the invading Muslims. We also make use of calligraphy, and use Arabic
as our language. However, we tolerate other forms of literature and many different types of languages spoken in northern India. Persian culture also influenced us in many ways. The society was mostly patriarchal, but according to the Quran, we need respect the the women of our society. Some examples of patriarchy are: women are supposed to cover their faces with veils, and polygamy is legal in our society. The Society is ruled by a ruling elite knwon as a sultan, and he commands over all of the sultanate. Although we are a group of many different dynasties: the Slave dynasty (1206-90), Khilji dynasty (1290-1320), Tughlaq dynasty (1320-1413), Sayyid dynasty (1414-51), and Lodhi dynasty (1451-1526), we have similar traditions. Our culture is also depicted in our architecture, and our writings. Our drawings on the carpets, vessels, walls, and other objects portray our similarity to the Persian culture, which includes the introduction of new ideas, and a free lifestyle. The warrior elites were also commanded by the sultan. There is also example of Muslim influence on the society, and how a society a society should be ruled. Because we live in Northern India, Hinduism also influences our society. A different form of the caste system is seen in our society
.
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A prominent symbol of the Delhi Sultanate: The Qutub Minar.
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An example of a carpet.

Religion

Our prominent religion is Islam, however we tolerate Hinduism and other faiths to some extent. Religious conflicts have been very significant in shaping our religious society. The Sultans impose their religion harshly, but they are becoming less severe now. Hindu and Muslim populations do not tend to mix, and tensions, violence, and persecutions, characterize our relationship with the Hindus. Mahmud of Gazni started religious raids in the 11th century. He sought to destroy the Hindu temples and the Buddhist stupas, also tried to promote Islam, while eradicating Hinduism and Buddhism. The presence of Islam aided in the creation of our Sultanate. The Sultans also base their laws on the Quran and the sharia and permit non-Muslim subjects to practice their religion only if they pay a special tax known as jizya. Those who resist are persecuted, and people of other faiths are also asked to convert themselves to Muslims, and believe in the Islamic faith. We fear that the oppression of religion may prove to be dangerous for us.
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The main symbol of our religion Islam: The crescent moon with star
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Other minor religions in our Sultanate of Delhi.

Blog

Blog Entry One: 1022 C.E.
Mahmud has ruled over us for a very long time, but he does not seem to stop to create a living community for us Muslims. We are tired of just going around and destroying the structures of other religious beliefs. However, we have tried to convince him many times of our ways. We should try to settle somewhere and create a community with proper treatment of people and should also allow the practice of other faiths in minority.

Blog Entry Two: 1210 C.E.
We have finally decided to start our own society to practice our faith of Islam since we have conquered many Hindu kingdoms. Delhi is the site that we have chose to center our capital on, and it is very strategic and centralized location because it is near a river, which makes it easier for transportation. Our prominent faith remains Islam, but we also allow the practice of Hinduism, and Buddhism, although we sometimes are oppression people to convert to our religion.

Blog Entry Three: 1306 C.E.
Today Ibn Battuta visited us to seek for employment in our sultanate. Although he did need a guide for translation, he was very fascinated by our superior architecture and technology. He wishes to learn more about our culture, and our superior politics. This is ironic because even though we rule Delhi, we do not have a complete control over the Sultanate. The reason being is the constant resistance of people of other faiths. We hope to give a good treatment to Ibn, also hope that the religious conflict does not become our downfall.

The Wall

Hindus:
This is very wrong of you to oppress our religion. We should be able to practice our faith freely without any fear or persecution. You should consider the permitting of other faiths in you Sultanate, such as Hinduism, and Buddhism, or you Sultanate will fall very easily if it is divided by religious conflicts.
Ibn Battuta :
I am very amazed by you architecture, and technology!! The Qutub Minar is a very astonishing feat of engineering. Many of you palaces are very beautiful, and I was very happy to be there. I learned a lot about you culture and traditions, and some of the knowledge was just from the pictorial depictions on your architecture.
Muslims:
We are very thankful of you, for trading with us. Our interactions have been very knwoledgable. Your culture is very similar to ours, and you laws and societies are also based very similar to us Muslims from the East. trading has brought us many goods, although you seem very hesitant to join our allegiance. We could expand our influence all over Asia if we could join hands, and work toget as ONE!!!
Mughal Empire:
You are very lucky to be protected by natural mountains and barriers. we have tried to cross the Himalayas many times, but it has not been successful yet. One day we shall become a great threat to your society. Our emperor Babur has devised a tactic which will not fail just. Even though we have similar religious beliefs, we, the Mughals, are a military empire, and seek to establish our influece ALL over Asia!!!
Mughal Empire:
Beware!!! Your Sultanate must succumb to our great empire, and become a part of it. If you agree, we will let you Sultan rule the state of Delhi, and we will be the his ruler. However, if you do not give in to our demands and resist our authority, the consequences will be dire!!!

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Information:
Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler
Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past. New York: McGraw-Hill
2006.
McCannon, John. AP World History. 3rd. New York: Barron's Educational Series, 2008.
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0815061.html
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+in0017)


Images:
WEAPONS/ARMOR: http://www.alshindagah.com/marapr2006/islamic.jpg
MAP:
http://www.homepagez.com/pakhistory/delhi.gif
QUTUB MINAR: http://cache.websetters.com.au/images/1223-350x600-37_qutub_minar_delhi.jpg
ISLAM SIGN: http://www.mrdowling.com/images/605islam.gif
WORLD RELIGIONS: http://www.bodyandmind.co.za/Religion/Religion_Pics/World_Religion2.gif
COINS:
http://www.ancientcoins.ca/website2/24074.jpg
ARCHITECTURE: http://static.flickr.com/34/93446527_ea2e502d02_m.jpg
ARCHITECTURE: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/india/architecture/pictures/delhi1.jpg
CARPET:http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00islamlinks/ikram/graphics/persianbordervert100.jpg
FORT: http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/Architecture/allepo2.jpg



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